Let no one say the past is dead. The past is all about us and within.
America shaped its regional milieu to best serve security and material ends. America also exerted other forms of power. Notably, US gained influence in international diplomacy, swaying global events. We begin this essay analyzing American economic growth, its sources and its implications for US power and foreign policy.
In this essay we examine how this immense wealth was transformed into great power. Enlightened Presidents and top decision-makers with their visions and strategies were crucial in this crusade to power.
The personal beliefs, values and ideologies of the ruling elite are considered when analyzing these policies. Involvement in WWI established America in a prominent position among world powers.
It enabled its leadership to build a powerful nation. The sources of American wealth, summarized in Kennedy US territory was rich in minerals, oil and auspicious for agriculture. Enlightened individuals from the economic sphere like Carnegie, Morgan, and Rockefeller were fundamental not only in accumulating huge wealth, but also for the technological innovation furthered by their firms op.
Importantly the politico-economic elites employed wisely their wealth. They invested in Research and Development, built top academic-technological institutions  and continuously expanded their firms and Economies-of-Scale. Technological innovation ameliorated production methods, improved infrastructure and enhanced output quality and performance Abramovitz, US also drew international attention through leading innovators like Edison, Bell and the brothers Wright McDougall, Our comparative analysis suggests that US gradually gained an impressive economic lead.
By US produced roughly equal coal as Britain and Germany together, its national income surpassed that of the next four economies combined and, inovertook Europe as the region possessing the larger economic output Kennedy, Economic power paved-the-way for other forms of power: Clear defence and strategic considerations lay behind the war with Spain.
They were largely driven by security maximization and cost-benefit calculations Mearsheimer, America was facing a winnable war which would bring gains in terms of influence, security and trade.
Additionally, public opinion and Congress largely favoured  intervention LaFeber, It also conveyed a strong global message that the US will use military might to repel expansionary attempts in its regional milieu.
Mahan expected these to become areas of great power rivalry Grenville, Based on these, McKinley, his administration and especially Roosevelt  believed that simultaneous attacks against the Spanish fleet were required in both the Philippines and Cuba Kennan, The Philippines were seen as one of the most strategic points in East Asia and the Pacific.
The islands of the Caribbean were also important in view of a proposed Trans-Isthmian Canal Mahan, There was also an important symbolism in expelling Spain from the New World.
Spain came first to the region and left last. Therefore, its expulsion signified the end of a circle of colonial rule in the American Continent. Henceforth America was the sole power-centre in the Western Hemisphere Meernik, Besides religious drives, parts of the press were also crucial in pushing for the war please see footnote 6.
Customarily wars left the warring parties with large debts. McKinley was instrumental however in planning how to cover as fully as possible the war expenses and escaping debt op.
McKinley importantly avoided practices that would have rendered US dependent, with negative repercussions on its economy. The naval and military victories were crucial in an additional way.
They created enthusiasm in both public and Congress enabling McKinley to annex Hawaii as a necessary military and naval base en route to Manila and Shanghai Zimmerman, Also, Roosevelt deemed that the Philippines, located distantly, would be hard to defend Grenville, Guam had a similar function, linking Hawaii and the Philippines.The 13th amendment abolished slavery and the 14th amendment provided that representation would be determined according to the whole number of persons in each state, not by the “three-fifths” of the slaves.
Reich is Chancellor's Professor of Public Policy at the University of California at Berkeley and Senior Fellow at the Blum Center for Developing Economies. PRIMARY SOURCES • Landmark Documents • Court Cases • Supreme Court Cases • Newspaper Articles • Obituaries VOICES • Overview & Resources • Asian American • Children • Civil Rights • Immigrant • Native Americans • Texas • Women MULTIMEDIA • Digital Stories.
Steven Lukes' Power: A Radical View is a seminal work still widely used some 30 years after publication. The second edition includes the complete original text alongside two major new essays.
One assesses the main debates about how to conceptualize and study power, including the influential contributions of Michel Foucault.
The argument begins over whether the large corporations are united enough to exert a common social power, and then moves to the question of whether they are still controlled by members of the upper class. Power, class, and the new campus religion. What does it mean to say that these institutions are religious schools?
First, that they possess a dogma, unwritten but understood by all: a set of “correct” opinions and beliefs, or at best, a narrow range within which disagreement is permitted.