Introduction to the Gospel Of Matthew Roger Hahn For as long as the four gospels of the New Testament have been collected together the gospel of Matthew has been the first gospel. That was usually the order and Matthew was always first. There have been several explanations for why.
If it can be established that the gospels were written early, say before the year A. If they were written by the disciples, then their reliability, authenticity, and accuracy are better substantiated. Furthermore, those who were alive at the time of the events could have countered the gospel accounts; and since we have no contradictory writings to the gospels, their early authorship as well as apostolic authorship becomes even more critical.
Destruction of the temple in A. This is significant because Jesus had prophesied concerning the temple when He said "As for these things which you are looking at, the days will come in which there will not be left one stone upon another which will not be torn down.
This prophecy was fulfilled in A. The gold in the temple melted down between the stone walls; and the Romans took the walls apart, stone by stone, to get the gold. Also, if the gospels were fabrications of mythical events, then anything to bolster the Messianic claims--such as the destruction of the temple as Jesus said--would surely have been included.
But, it was not included suggesting that the gospels at least Matthew, Mark, and Luke were written before A. Similarly, this argument is important when we consider the dating of the book of Acts which was written after the gospel of Luke and by Luke himself.
Acts also fails to mention the incredibly significant events of A. Remember, Acts is a book of history concerning the Christians and the Jews. The fact that the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple is not recorded is very strong evidence that Acts was written before A.
If we look at Acts 1: The date of Acts is still in dispute, but the early date about A. If what is said of Acts is true, this would mean that Luke was written at least before A.
Matthew The early church unanimously held that the gospel of Matthew was the first written gospel and was penned by the apostle of the same name Matt.
Lately, the priority of Matthew as the first written gospel has come under suspicion with Mark being considered by many to be the first written gospel. The debate is far from over. The historian Papias mentions that the gospel of Matthew was originally in Aramaic or Hebrew and attributes the gospel to Matthew the apostle.
By the time of Irenaeus, Acts was also linked with Luke, the companion of Paul.
But, this is not known for sure. The earliest quotation of Matthew is found in Ignatius who died around A. Therefore, Matthew was in circulation well before Ignatius came on the scene.
The various dates most widely held as possible writing dates of the Gospel are between A. But Ignatius died around A. Therefore Matthew had to be written before he died. Nevertheless, it is generally believed that Matthew was written before A.
He was a disciple of Peter and undoubtedly it was Peter who informed Mark of the life of Christ and guided him in writing the Gospel known by his name. Luke Luke was not an eyewitness of the life of Christ. But, both had ample opportunity to meet the disciples who knew Christ and learn the facts not only from them but from others in the area.
Some might consider this damaging to the validity of the gospel but quite the contrary. Luke was a gentile convert to Christianity who was interested in the facts.
He obviously had interviewed the eyewitnesses and written the Gospel account as well as Acts. To these He also presented Himself alive, after His suffering, by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days, and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.
Notice how Luke speaks of "them," of those who had personal encounters with Christ. Luke is simply recounting the events from the disciples. This fragment was found in Egypt, and a considerable amount of time is needed for the circulation of the gospel before it reached Egypt.
Of important note is the lack of mention of the destruction of the Jewish temple in A. But this is understandable since John was not focusing on historical events.3 Place of Writing; 4 Date; Authorship.
The Gospel of Matthew does not name its author, but the ancient church fathers were unanimous that the author was Jesus' disciple Matthew. Mark and Luke both use the name Levi, Matthew's other name, but the book of Matthew does not.
The Greek Gospel according to Matthew was written in this context. Although the date and place of composition cannot be fixed with absolute certainty, scholars generally assign a date around 85 or 90 AD for the final edition; and, interestingly enough, many believe Antioch was the place where it was written.
New Testament WCU CH new testament notes chapters STUDY. PLAY. to which place for writing the Gospel of Matthew does the Didache lend support? Whose testamony is of greatest importance in establishing the authorship of the gospel of Mark?
Papias Bishop of hierapolis. by Maxim Cardew. Authorship and Date. The author of the Gospel has traditionally been identified with “Matthew,” who according to this Gospel is one of Jesus’ twelve disciples (see Matthew ; he is called “Levi” in Luke ).
The Author There are three pieces of evidence to consider if we are to arrive at any conclusion about the authorship of the first gospel: (1) the title, (2) external evidence, and (3) internal evidence.
the early 60s, this may well help us to fix a date for Matthew’s Gospel, them as well as to their neighbors. In other words, Matthew. Indeed, the belief in the authorship of the gospels by Matthew, Mark, Luke and John is a matter of faith, as such an opinion is not merited in .