Safe, effective treatment of intestinal tapeworm infection may be achieved with either praziquantel or niclosamide.
If a human ingests pork tapeworm eggs there is a risk of larvae infection. The larvae can exit the intestine and infect tissues and organs elsewhere in the body, resulting in lesions or cysts. This is a dangerous complication of pork tapeworm infection. The brain and nervous system are affected.
The patient may have headachesvision problems, seizures, meningitisand confusion. In very severe cases the infection can be fatal.
Echinococcosis, or hydatid disease: The echinococcus tapeworm can cause an infection called echinococcosis. The larvae leave the gut and infect organs, most commonly the liver. The infection can result in large cysts, which place pressure on nearby blood vessels and affect circulation.
In severe cases, surgery or liver transplantation is required. Treatments Treating tapeworm larvae infection is more complicated than treating an adult tapeworm infection. While the adult tapeworm stays in the gut, the larvae may settle in other parts of the body.
When a larvae infection finally produces symptoms, the infection may have been present for years. In some rare cases, larvae infection can be life-threatening.
Oral medications Oral medications may be prescribed. The digestive system does not absorb these drugs well. They either dissolve or attack and kill the adult tapeworm.
A doctor may advise the patient to take a laxative to help the tapeworm come out in the stools. If the patient has a pork tapeworm infection, they may be given an anti-emetic medication, which prevents vomiting.
Vomiting during a tapeworm infection can lead to reinfection by swallowing the tapeworm larvae, The patient's stools will be checked several times 1 to 3 months after the course of medication. These medications, if procedures are followed properly, are 95 percent effective.
Anti-inflammatory medication If the infection affects tissues outside the intestine, the patient may have to take a course of anti-inflammatory steroids to reduce swelling caused by the development of cysts. Cyst surgery If the patient has life-threatening cysts that have developed in vital organs, such as the lungs or liver, surgery may be required.
The doctor may inject a cyst with medication, such as formalin, to destroy the larvae before removing the cyst. Causes The Taenia solium pork tapeworm Most people become infected after ingesting tapeworm eggs or larvae.
The common methods of infection include: Ingestion of eggs Eggs get into humans via: These drop onto the soil. Each segment may contain thousands of eggs. A human can become infected by: This type of infection is most common with tapeworms that come from infected pigs, and much less common if the original host was cattle or fish.
Eating infected meat or fish If the meat or fish have larvae cysts and is undercooked or raw, the cysts can reach the intestine where they mature into adult tapeworms.Treating tapeworm larvae infection is more complicated than treating an adult tapeworm infection. While the adult tapeworm stays in the gut, the larvae may settle in other parts of the body.
When a larvae infection finally produces symptoms, the infection may have been present for years. In some rare cases, larvae infection can be life-threatening. Tapeworm infection The tapeworm infection is a widespread helminth disease which has attracted the attention of native practitioners and physicians.
From: Pharmacochemistry Library, Tapeworms can be transmitted to humans, but the risk of infestation is very low—you’d have to swallow an infected flea or, in the case of some species of parasites, via the accidental.
The adult tapeworm has a scolex, or head, a short neck, and a strobila, or segmented body formed of proglottids. Tapeworms anchor themselves to the inside of the intestine of their host using their scolex, which typically has hooks, suckers, or both. They have no . Although many cases of tapeworm infection go undetected for years due to the asymptomatic nature of infection, the most severe form of infection—cysticercosis—can cause serious health issues.
If a human ingests tapeworm eggs, they hatch and the larvae form cysts in tissues within the body. To diagnose a tapeworm infection, your doctor may rely on one of the following: Stool sample analysis. For an intestinal tapeworm infection, your doctor may check your stool or send samples to a laboratory for testing.
A laboratory uses microscopic identification techniques to check for eggs or tapeworm segments in your feces.