Osama bin Laden traveled to Afghanistan and helped organize Arab mujahideen to resist the Soviets. Muslim legal scholars "have throughout Islamic history unanimously agreed that the jihad is an individual duty if the enemy destroys the Muslim countries", according to bin Laden. Osama bin LadenDeath of Osama bin Ladenand Videos of Osama bin Laden Osama bin Laden at about 40 years of age, Bin Laden orchestrated the attacks and initially denied involvement but later recanted his false statements. In the video, bin Laden is seen talking to Khaled al-Harbi and admits foreknowledge of the attacks.
A Rhetorical Journey into Darkness: This essay focuses upon dramatistic nature of crime scene profiling, the technique used to infer the motivations that underlie a baffling but increasingly familiar human act: Because they are typically random, and because they appear to be without motive as it is commonly understood, these crimes compel our attention even as they terrify and confound us.
Learning how to do so is from a practical perspective a matter of some urgency, since numbers of multiple and serial murderers are rising. According to unofficial US Justice Department estimates, there may be as many as one hundred multiple murderers killing in America.
These patterns can be unearthed through a systematic investigation of key elements of what, where, when, and how, which in turn lead to answers to the questions that most elude us: What makes people commit the crimes they commit in the way they commit them? The reading of symbolic human acts to uncover the motives encoded in them is a fundamentally rhetorical activity, and the more opaque the motivation for the act, the more it cries out for rhetorical analysis.
In an attempt to find a way of answering these questions, John Douglas and his partner Robert Ressler undertook a comprehensive study of incarcerated felons, gathering valuable information into a systematized and usable data bank MH — These two ratios necessarily figure prominently in profiling, since the investigator has no choice but to begin with the crime scene as he attempts to decipher the meaning and motive of the act.
Although I will draw from numerous sources for this analysis,23 I will focus primarily on the presentation of profiling by John Douglas in such works as An Anatomy of Motive, Obsession, Mindhunter, and Journey into Darkness. With this and similar statements, Douglas links act and agent by a process of inference from the dominant ratios of scene-act and scene-agent.
This emphasis on the ratios of scene-act and scene-agent, and by inference, of act-agent, is what marks profiling as a dramatistic method; the profiler studies the dynamic relationships among act, scene, and agent in order to interpret the symbolic strategies embedded in the artifact.
This process narrows the field of suspects so that the offender may be identified and apprehended. It is these deeper connections that this paper will explore in depth. The most striking of these is the way that both dramatism and profiling treat human action as symbolically infused.
As I will show, both systems also emphasize the situated nature of symbolic acts, and stress the motivational force of the scene-act ratio. Interestingly, both systems of analysis can trace their roots to literary forms,34 and not coincidentally, both Douglas and Burke turn to drama for an analytical framework.
More subtle still, as I will show, is the manner in which the two systems treat form. As I will also demonstrate in the body of this discussion, for both Douglas and Burke, form is a manifestation of human desire arising out of the hierarchic motive. As I will demonstrate, both systems see the symbolic act as fundamentally rhetorical, as a kind of message of transformation and consubstantiation.
I hope to reveal that the two systems are in fact independently-arrived-at configurations of a single philosophical phenomenon: The Symbol-Using Animal The most fundamental correspondence between the two systems of motivational analysis depends on their shared assumption that human action is symbolically infused.
Though the concept of sheer motion is non-ethical, action implies the ethical, the human personality. They may obsess about hurting women.
|Suggested Citation for this Issue Generally:||But some crimes are so unfathomable, such as killing your own spouse and child, that a jury may have a hard time believing anyone could do such a thing. The prosecution must explain bizarre behavior to a jury of 12, explain the unthinkable, and show how anyone could, and especially why anyone would commit such an offense.|
They may be motivated to act out their obsessions. They are not compelled. They choose to do it because it makes them feel good AM It is this relationship between action and character that makes profiling possible at all; in turn, its effectiveness validates the dramatistic principles that link act to agent and scene.
Another important feature shared by the two systems is the distinction between practical and symbolic acts. For Douglas, as for Burke, the former are a means to a pragmatic end—for example, an armed robber kills a witness who might be able to identify him.
While we do not need dramatistic methods to understand the reasons for practical acts, symbolic acts, by contrast, invite and sustain more thorough rhetorical inquiry, since their motives are not so immediately discernible. If a man climbs a mountain, not through any interest in mountain climbing, but purely because he wants to get somewhere, and the easiest way to get there is by crossing the mountain, we need not look for symbolism.
But if we begin to discuss why he wanted to get there, we do get into matters of symbolism. On the individual level, such acts are performed for the psychological satisfaction of the offender, providing the personal power he craves.
He explains how this empowerment is achieved: Being able to manipulate, dominate, and control a victim, to decide whether that victim lives or dies, or how that victim dies, temporarily counteracts, for some, their feelings of inadequacy. It makes them feel grandiose and superior, as they believe they are entitled to feel.News and analysis on Catalonia's struggle for self-determination from Green Left Weekly's European bureau.
_____ evidence includes oral or written statements and testimony by eyewitnesses. _____ evidence refers to any material items that would be present at the crime scene, on the victims, or found in a suspect’s possession.
_____ evidence refers to evidence that is found at a crime scene in small but measurable amounts. Serial Murder.
View printable version (pdf) Behavioral Analysis Unit-2 National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime Critical Incident Response Group. List the elements of a crime. Define the criminal act element. Identify three requirements of criminal act. Key Takeaways. The elements of a crime are criminal act, criminal intent, concurrence, causation, harm, and attendant circumstances.
Only crimes that specify a bad result have the elements of . The September 11 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, The attacks killed 2, people, injured over 6, others, and caused at least $10 billion in infrastructure and property damage.
When there's a suspect in a crime and the evidence includes a handwritten note, investigators may call in handwriting experts to see if there's a match. In some cases, it might be the one piece of evidence that gets a suspect charged and eventually convicted.