May, — September, May The Corps of Discovery departs from Camp Dubois at 4 p. The Corps of Discovery arrives at St. Home of famous woodsman L.
Lewis and Clark Expedition, —06U. Meriwether Lewis and Lieut. The expedition was a major chapter in the history of American exploration.
Commissioning and preparation On January 18,U. Jefferson, who had already sponsored several attempts to explore the West, asked his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to lead the expedition. Lewis was dispatched to Philadelphia for instruction in botanycelestial navigationmedicineand zoology.
Lewis, MeriwetherMeriwether Lewis, portrait by Charles Willson Peale; in Independence National Historical Park, Philadelphia Courtesy of the Independence National Historical Park Collection, Philadelphia Lewis procured weapons at Harpers FerryVirginia now in West Virginiasupervised the construction of a foot metre keelboat, and secured smaller vessels, in addition to designing an iron-framed boat that could be assembled on the journey.
LouisMissouri, to the Pacific Ocean and back, the Corps of Discoveryas the expedition company was called, traveled nearly 8, miles 13, km. The entourage, numbering about four dozen men, covered 10 to 20 miles 16 to 32 km a day—poling, pushing, and pulling their ton keelboat and two pirogues dugout boats up the Missouri River.
The captains and at least five others kept journals. President Jefferson had instructed Lewis to make observations of latitude and longitude and to take detailed notes about the soilclimateanimalsplantsand native peoples.
Lewis identified plants new to science, including bitterrootprairie sagebrushDouglas firand ponderosa pineas well as animals, such as grizzly bearprairie dogand pronghorn antelope. The expedition encountered immense animal herds and ate well, consuming one buffalotwo elkor four deer per day, supplemented by roots, berries, and fish.
They experienced dysenteryvenereal diseaseboils, tick bites, and injuries from prickly pearyet only one man perished over the course of the journey. Ayer, Another primary objective involved diplomacy with Native Americans. The expedition held councils with Indians, in which the corps had military parades, handed out peace medals, flags, and gifts, delivered speeches, promised trade, and requested intertribal peace.
Most tribes welcomed trading opportunities and provided the expedition with food, knowledge, guides, shelter, sex, and entertainment.
The Lakota encountered in South Dakotahowever, already had British commercial ties and did not view American competition favourably, especially because it would make their enemies stronger. The expedition arrived at the Mandan and Hidatsa villages near present-day BismarckNorth Dakotaand constructed Fort Mandan in which to spend the winter.
The captains prepared maps, artifactsmineral samples, plant specimens, and papers to send back in the spring. On April 7,a small crew departed on a St. Louis-bound keelboat laden with boxes of materials for Jefferson that included live magpie s and a prairie dog.
Meanwhile, the permanent party proceeded up the Missouri in six canoes and two pirogues. The departure scene was described by Lewis in his journal: Cook were still viewed by us with as much pleasure as those deservedly famed adventurers ever beheld theirs…we were now about to penetrate a country at least two thousand miles in width, on which the foot of civillized man had never trodden; the good or evil it had in store for us was for experiment yet to determine, and these little vessells contained every article by which we were to expect to subsist or defend ourselves.
On June 2,the expedition party arrived at a fork in the river. Not knowing which waterway was the principal stream, they sent out reconnaissance parties up both forks.
Although the evidence was not conclusive, the captains believed the south fork to be the major course while everyone else favoured the north. This choice proved correct when the expedition arrived at the Great Falls almost two weeks later.
An mile km portage around the falls was made even more difficult by broken terrain, prickly pear cactus, hailstorms, and numerous grizzly bears. On July 4,the party finished the portage and, to celebrate Independence Dayconsumed the last of their gallons of alcohol and danced into the night.
Arriving at the Three Forks of the Missouri River the confluence of the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin riversSacagawea recognized Beaverhead Rock and informed the others they would soon encounter some Shoshones. Lewis climbed Lemhi Pass, crossing the Continental Divideonly to have his hope for a single mountain portage dashed by the view of endless mountains stretching before him: After leaving their horses with Chief Twisted Hair, the explorers hollowed out five cottonwood canoes and floated down the Clearwater and Snake rivers, reaching the Columbia River on October The members conducted a democratic vote on where to spend the winter, with even York and Sacagawea casting votes.
Near present-day AstoriaOregonthe corps built Fort Clatsop and endured a wet, miserable winter by journal writing, drying meat, making saltand traveling to see a beached whale. They hoped to encounter vessels along the Pacific that could transport them home, but, finding none, they did an about-face, planning to return along the Columbia and Missouri rivers.The Journals of Lewis and Clark (Lewis & Clark Expedition) [Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, Bernard DeVoto, Stephen E.
Ambrose] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Journals of Lewis and Clark are the first report on the West, on the United States over the hill and beyond the sunset. The Lewis and Clark Expedition [Richard L. Neuberger, Winold Reiss] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
A Landmark History book. A highly readable account of the quintessentially American adventure of discovery and hardship as Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led their men on an exploration of the interior parts of North . The Lewis And Clark Expedition Words | 6 Pages On May 14, in the eastern city of Saint Louis, William Clark and Merry-weather Lewis set of on the westward adventure that would change America as we know it today.
Origins of the Expedition. More than any other person, President Thomas Jefferson was responsible for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Beginning in the early s, Jefferson imagined a scientific exploration of the interior of North America that would catalog flora and fauna and thoroughly map the vast reaches between the Mississippi River and the .
Lewis and Clark Expedition, (–06), U.S. military expedition, led by Capt. Meriwether Lewis and Lieut. William Clark, to explore the Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Northwest. The expedition was a major chapter in the history of American exploration.
York was William Clark's slave and an integral member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, sent by President Thomas Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Territory and the Oregon Country in The written descriptions of York portray him as large, dark, strong, and agile.