A recount on making a database

Difference Between Recount and Narrative September 28, 3 min read Main Difference — Recount vs Narrative Recount and Narrative are two types of writings that describe a past happening or an event. The main difference between recount and narrative lies in their structure.

A recount on making a database

Instead, he bought one online. The attack was concluded in minutes. To mark the achievement, his student snapped a photo of Appel—oblong features, messy black locks and a salt-and-pepper beard—grinning for the camera, fists still on the circuit board, as if to look directly into the eyes of the American taxpayer: He is part of a diligent corps of so-called cyber-academics—professors who have spent the past decade serving their country by relentlessly hacking it.

For the ensuing 15 years, Appel and his colleagues have deployed every manner of stunt to convince the public that the system is pervasively unsecure and vulnerable. Beginning in the late '90s, Appel and his colleague, Ed Felten, a pioneer in computer engineering now serving in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, marshaled their Princeton students together at the Center for Information Technology Policy where Felten is still director.

There, they relentlessly hacked one voting machine after another, transforming the center into a kind of Hall of Fame for tech mediocrity: Eventually, the work of the professors and Ph.

It was only a matter of time, they feared, before a national election—an irresistible target—would invite an attempt at a coordinated cyberattack.

The revelation this month that a cyberattack on the DNC is the handiwork of Russian state security personnel has set off alarm bells across the country: Some officials have suggested that could see more serious efforts to interfere directly with the American election.

If motivated programmers could pull a stunt like this, couldn't they tinker with the results in November through the machines we use to vote? This week, the notion has been transformed from an implausible plotline in a Philip K.


Dick novel into a deadly serious threat, outlined in detail by a raft of government security officials. There is no singular national body that regulates the security or even execution of what happens on Election Day, and there never has been. Technical standards for voting are devised by the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Election Assistance Commission—which was formed after the disputed presidential election that hinged on faulty ballots—but the guidelines are voluntary.

Policy on voting is decided by each state and, in some cases, each county—a system illustrated vividly by the trench warfare of voter ID laws that pockmark the country. Some would say such a system cries out for security standards.

If such standards come to fruition, it will be the Princeton group—the young Ph. The Princeton group has a simple message: That the machines that Americans use at the polls are less secure than the iPhones they use to navigate their way there.

They insist the elections could be vulnerable at myriad strike points, among them the software that aggregates the precinct vote totals, and the voter registration rolls that are increasingly digitized. But the threat, the cyber experts say, starts with the machines that tally the votes and crucially keep a record of them—or, in some cases, don't.

Instead, rushing to install paper backups, sell off the machines and replace them with optical scanners—in some cases, ban them permanently for posterity. But the big picture, like everything in this insular world, is complicated.

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As the number of machines dwindle—occasioned by aging equipment, vintage-era software that now lacks tech support, years without new study by the computer scientists, and a public sense that the risk has passed—the opportunities for interference may temporarily spike. Hundreds of digital-only precincts still remain, a significant portion of them in swing states that will decided the presidency in November.

A recount on making a database

And, as the Princeton group warns, they become less secure with each passing year. Ballot stuffing famously plagued statewide and some federal elections well into the 20th century. Huey Long was famously caught rigging the vote in But even an unrigged election can go haywire, as the nation learned in horror during the Florida recount inwhen a mind-numbingly manual process of counting the ballots left a mystery as to which boxes voters had punched—giving the nation the "hanging chad," and weeks of uncertainty about who won the presidency.

Not inaccuracy, but anxiety. All 50 states took the money. Requirements included upgrading voter registration methods and making polls disability-friendly, but Section provided funds specifically allocated for replacing outdated voting machines; almost universally, "upgrade" meant a new, computerized touch-screen voting machine.Despite Early Bumps In Broward, Recount Process Humming Along In South Florida CountiesThe recounts are off and running across the State of Florida.

Recount2: analysis-ready RNA-seq gene and exon counts datasets

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Jay Roach was born on June 14, in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA as Mathew Jay Roach. He is a producer and director, known for Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery (), Trumbo () and Blown Away ().

A recount on making a database

He has been married to Susanna Hoffs since April 17, They have two children. Payer of costs depends on outcome of recount Initiators must pay a deposit of $ when they file the affidavit for the recount.

If the outcome of the election is changed by the recount, the deposit is refunded. Nov 22,  · Hillary Clinton's campaign is being urged by a number of top computer scientists to call for a recount of vote totals in Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania, according to .

Nov 16,  · The machine recount that began over the weekend ran into significant problems in Palm Beach County. Authorities there said the tabulation equipment came up short “a significant number” of ballots in the final Senate tally, making it impossible for the county to meet the Thursday deadline.

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